Rutland county. This town is watered by Otter creek, Mill river, and by three ponds, one of which, Hiram's pond, covering an area of 350 acres, lies on very elevated ground, and is one of the principal sources of Otter creek. The other ponds are of less size, and less elevated. These mountain ponds are very handsome, and contain fish. The soil of the town is generally good: that on the banks of Otter creek, is very fertile and productive. Wallingford produces all the varieties of grain, grass, &c., and feeds a large number of sheep. "A range of primitive limestone passes through the western part of the township, in which have been opened several quarries of excellent marble. Green hill, situated near the centre, is composed almost entirely of quartz. A part of White rocks, belonging to the Green Mountain range, appears to be granite, the rest quartz. At the foot of White rocks, are large cavities formed by the fallen rocks, called the icebeds, in which ice is found in abundance through the summer season." There are some valuable manufacturing establishments in the town, and a flourishing trade. The village is pleasantly located on the banks of Otter creek, near one of the ponds. It contains some handsome buildings, and presents a variety of picturesque scenery. Wallingford was first settled in 1773. It lies 10 miles S. by E. from Rutland and 42 N.N.E. from Bennington. Population, 1830, 1740.