Rutland County, Vermont
Rutland, chief town. This county is bounded N. by Addison county, W. by Windsor county, S. by Bennington county, and W. by the state of New York. Incorporated, 1781. Population, 1820, 29,983; 1830, 31,294. This county contains an area of 958 square miles. Inhabitants to a square mile, 33. The principal streams are Otter Creek, Black, White, Queechy and Pawlet rivers. There is some fine land in this county along Otter Creek, but a large portion of it is elevated, and some parts mountainous. The soil, however, is generally warm and well suited for grazing. Many cattle are annually taken to market, and in 1837, there were 180,984 sheep in Rutland county. Excellent iron ore is found at the base of the mountains and a range of marble quarries extends the whole length of the county from north to south. This marble is of a fine quality: much of it is wrought and transported.