New Shoreham, Rhode Island
Newport county. This town comprises the island of Block Island. The island lies in the open sea, about 14 miles S.S.W. from Judith Point and 13 N.E. from Montauk Point on Long Island, N.Y. It is about 8 miles in length, and varies from 2 to 4 miles in width. It has several ponds, which cover about a seventh part of the island. The surface of the town is uneven; in some parts elevated. The soil is a sandy, gravelly loam, and quite productive. This island was once famous for its cattle and good dairies. The people are mostly fishermen: they have no harbor, and peat is their only fuel. Population, 1830, 1,185. Incorporated, 1672. Its indian name was Manisses.