Middlesex county. This was formerly a part of Cambridge, and called "Little Cambridge" until its incorporation in 1807. It lies 5 miles S.W. from Boston, 13 S.E. from Concord, 35 E. from Worcester, 8 N. by E. from Dedham, and 15 N.W. by N. from Weymouth landing. Population, 1830, 972; 1837, 1,337. The western and northern boundaries of this town are washed by Charles river. The soil is excellent and highly cultivated, and, in common with all the towns in the vicinity of Boston, Brighton has become the residence of many people of wealth and taste who possess beautiful country seats and splendid gardens. Winship's garden is noted throughout the country for its nursery of fruit-trees and shrubbery, and for its grand display of plants and flowers of every variety. Brighton is the largest cattle market in New England. Monday is the market day, when sellers and buyers meet in throngs to traffic in live stock, both for slaughter and domestic use.