Fundy Bay [Bay of Fundy], Maine
This bay washes a part of the eastern shore of Maine; and as it is an important channel of commerce between the United States and the British provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, it may be useful to notice it. This large and important bay sets up N.E. round cape Sable, the most southern point of Nova Scotia, in N. lat. 43° 24', W. lon. 65° 39', and crosses to the shore of Maine a little W. of Frenchman's bay. From the mouth of Frenchman's bay to Cape Sable is about 150 miles; from Eastport to St. John's, N.B., is 60 miles; from St. John's to Annapolis, in a bay of that name, on the Nova Scotia side, is 40 miles; from thence to Halifax, by land, is 80 miles. From Eastport direct to Annapolis, across the bay, is about 70 miles. The Bay of Fundy is divided near its head by cape Chignecto. The N.W. part is called Chignecto bay; the S.E. part the Basin of Mines. From Eastport to Cumberland, at the head of Chignecto bay, is about 170 miles; to Windsor, at the head of the Basin of Mines, is about 150. From Windsor to Halifax in N. lat. 44° 39' 20", W. lon. 63° 36' 40", is 45 miles.
There are but few islands within this bay. Grand Menan, and a cluster of small islands round it, off West Quoddy Head, and Campo Bello, near Eastport, are the principal. They belong to the British. A small island about 5 miles off the S.W. part of cape Chignecto, called Isle de Haut, contains beautiful specimens of asbestos.