Cumberland County, Maine
Portland, chief town. Bounded N. by Oxford county, E. by Lincoln county, S. by the Atlantic ocean, and W. by York county and a part of Oxford. Area, about 990 square miles. Population, 1820, 49,445; 1830, 60,113; 1837, 67,619. This is an excellent county of land, and under good cultivation. The commerce and manufactures of Portland and neighboring towns is very extensive. Casco bay is within the county, and affords it unrivalled privileges for navigation and the fisheries. It is watered by several large mill streams; and the Cumberland and Oxford canal to Sebago lake, within the county, gives to its chief town considerable inland trade. In 1837 there were 37,803 bushels of wheat raised in the county, and it contained 71,000 sheep.