New Haven, Connecticut
New Haven, city and town, the chief town of New Haven county and the semi-capital of the state of Connecticut, is 76 miles N.E. from New York, and 300 from Washington city, in latitude (Yale College Observatory) 41° 18' 30" N., and W. longitude 72° 55'. It is situated on a large and pleasant plain, around the head of a bay which sets up four miles from Long Island Sound. This plain is nearly level, and is partially enclosed by an amphitheatre of lofty hills, and by two bold eminences called East and West rocks, which vary in height from 330 to 370 feet. These rocks, which consist of trap, terminate in naked precipitous fronts, and are conspicuous and beautiful objects in the landscape. On the west, the plain is limited by a small stream called West river, and on the east by the Quinnipiack, which is navigable for several miles. Another stream, called Mill river, passes through the eastern part of the city and enters the harbor in union with the Quinnipiack.