Fairfield County, Connecticut
Fairfield and Danbury are the shire towns. This county is bounded N. by Litchfield county, N.E. and E. by Housatonick river, S.E. and S. by Long Island Sound, and W. by the state of New York. This is a fine farming section of country, agreeably diversified in regard to surface, with a strong fertile soil, and possesses great natural agricultural resources. Fairfield county extends nearly 40 miles on Long Island Sound, and enjoys great facilities for navigation and the fisheries. The beautiful Housatonick washes its northeastern boundary, and the Saugatuck, Norwalk, Mill, Pequonuck and other rivers afford it an ample water power. The manufacturing interests of the county are valuable and interesting. It contains many villages of superior beauty, and abounds in scenery of an interesting character. First settled, 1639. Area, 630 square miles. Population, 1820, 42,739; 1830, 46,950; 75 inhabitants to a square mile. In 1837 there were, in this county, about 22,000 sheep.